A. There were six degrees of of freedom used in this exercise
C. The calculated chi-square value was 40.06.
D. Results did not indicate that chance alone caused unequal numbers of capture wooly worm phenotypes because the chi-square value was particularly high.
E. The Shaggy phenotype was captured the least and thus was subjected to positive selection pressure. The Burt and Shrek phenotypes were subjected to negative selection pressure which meant they were captured the most.
F. The phenotypes subjected to negative selection pressure, Burt and Shrek, will decrease in population over time. Meanwhile, those subjected to positive selection pressure will thrive and grow in population.
G. Over a long period of time, the Shaggy worms would thrive and the Burt and Shrek worms would approach extinction.
H. The bright green color of Burt and Shrek worms stood out on a dark brown background of dirt. Therefore, they were noticeable to birds and were consumed more so.
I. If the environment remained the same over time, the populations with less bold and conspicuous colorings would survive and pass on the genes for those qualities that helped it survive. Therefore, in ten years, the bold colored worms would only remain in small populations, if at all.